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To conduct research in geomagnetism and allied fields.

To maintain / modernize Magnetic observatory network and Establish new magnetic observatories

To set up facilities for other observations to generate high quality data through Observatory network and Field surveys

Indian Institute Of Geomagnatism, Navi Mumbai
Aurora's observed at Maitri, Antarctica
Sun - Earth connections

Welcome To IIG

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG), Mumbai is a leading institute of the country, actively engaged in basic and applied research in Geomagnetism and allied areas of Geophysics, Atmospheric & Space Physics and Plasma Physics.

It started out as a successor to the Colaba Magnetic Observatory, set up in 1826, where the first regular magnetic observatory in the country was established in 1841.

In 1971 IIG became autonomous and is now under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India.  

Area Of Research

The Indian Institute of Geomagnetism (IIG) is a premier institute of Department of Science & Technology and working on fundamental research on the geomagnetism and its allied fields.It had start working as a successor to the Colaba observatory which was established in 1826, which later in 1841 became the nation's first regular magnetic observatory research institute.

The current research activities of the institute are as follows:


Vision & Mission


To enable India to become a global knowledge power by promoting, guiding and conducting basic research in Geomagnetism and Allied fields.


To Promote, guide and conduct research in all branches of Geomagnetism. To build infrastructural support (using state-of-the-art technology) for acquisition of high quality data, leading to frontline research.

To maintain / modernize magnetic observatory network of India and establish new observatories and facilities at existing centers for other observations related to geomagnetism and allied fields.

To attract, motivate and train young talent to undertake research in geomagnetism.

News / Events



Applications are invited for the award of NMRF Post Doctoral research fellowship at the IIG HQ. Applications received till 31st December 2015 will be considered by the selection committee scheduled to meet in January 2016.

Forthcoming Events

       {IN SERVICE SINCE 1841}

   Honouring the past, riding the Present and implementing IIGs vision for the future.......... More

FIGA - 2016 (Special Session Organized by Indian Institute of Geomagnetism)

Special Session:Deciphering the Seismic Imprints in Lithosphere, Atmosphere and Ionosphere Coupled System More

Research And Update

Papers published in September - 2016.

1. Shailaja, G., M. Laxminarayana, J.D. Patil, V.C. Erram, R.A. Suryawanshi and Gautam Gupta, Efficacy of anisotropic properties in groundwater exploration from geoelectric sounding over trap covered terrain, Journal of Indian Geophysical Union, 20, 05, p. 453-461
2. Bhaskar, Ankush, Prasad Subramanian, and Geeta Vichare, Relative contribution of the magnetic field barrier and solar wind speed in ICME-associated forbush decreases, The Astrophysical Journal, 828, 02, doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/828/2/104
3. Selvakumaran, R., B. Veenadhari, S. Akiyama, Megha Pandya, N. Gopalswamy, S. Yashiro, Sandeep Kumar, P. Mäkelä and H. Xie, On the reduced geoeffectiveness of solar cycle 24: A moderate storm perspective, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 121, doi: 10.1002/2016JA022885
4. Ajith, K.K., S. Tulasi Ram, M. Yamamoto, Y. Otsuka and K. Niranjan, On the fresh development of equatorial plasma bubbles around the midnight hours of June solstice, Journal of Geophysical Research – Space Physics, 121, doi: 10.1002/2016JA023024
5. Kuai, Jiawei, Libo Liu, Jing Liu, S. Sripathi, Biqiang Zhao, Yiding Chen, Huijun Le and Lianhuan Hu, Effects of disturbed electric fields in the low-latitude and equatorial ionosphere during the 2015 St. Patrick's Day storm, Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, 121, doi: 10.1002/2016JA022832
6. Sreejith, K.M., P.S. Sunil, Ritesh Agrawal, D.S. Ramesh and A.S. Rajawat, Constraints on source parameters of the 25 April 2015, Mw = 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake from synthetic aperture radar interferometry, Current Science, 111, 05, p. 913-919
7. Saha, Upal,  Devendraa Siingh, A.K. Kamra, Elissavet Galanaki, Animesh Maitra, R.P. Singh, A.K. Singh, Swastika Chakraborty, Rajesh Singh, On the association of lightning activity and projected change in climate over the Indian sub-continent, Atmospheric Research, 183, 1, p. 173-190, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2016.09.001
8. Rajaram, Mita, S.P. Anand, V.C. Erram and B.N. Shinde, Insight into the structures below the Deccan Trap-covered region of Maharashtra, India from geopotential data, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 445, doi: 10.1144/SP445.8
9. Das, Anasuya, Saumen Maiti, Suneetha Naidu, Gautam Gupta, Estimation of spatial variability of aquifer parameters from geophysical methods: a case study of Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra, India, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, doi: 10.1007/s00477-016-1317-4  

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